[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 12, Issue 1 ( Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry 2016) ::
ijpd 2016, 12(1): 43-50 Back to browse issues page
Oral health related nutritional behavior in elementary students
Y Baradaran Nakhjavani Dr , H Hesari Dr, J Kouhpayeh zadeh Dr, M Falah Dr, A Jafari Dr
Abstract:   (618 Views)
Introduction: Iranian 5-6 year old children’s dmft index is more than 5 teeth. Nutritional behavior is a major cause of dental caries. Improving oral health behaviors and health diets can hugely decrease tooth decays. On the other hand, children have a penetrable mind during elementary school. Thus, this study was aimed to evaluate the oral health linked nutritional behavior of Saveh elementary students.
Materials and Methods: A minimum of 320 first and sixth year grade students were considered the primary sample size from a total of 16 elementary schools. Cluster randomized sampling was used in this analytical-descriptive, cross-sectional study. Ethical approvals and written consents were obtained, and the translated version of WHO’s assessment tool (questionnaire) was utilized to collect data. The nutritional behavior of participants was categorized as appropriate and inappropriate conditions. Finally, T-student test was used to analyze the descriptive data and p=0.05 was considered as significant.
Results: A total of 388 students participated in this study, amongst which more than three-fourth had appropriate fruit consumption behavior, whereas the least appropriate behavior was related to consumption of sugary tea (43%). On the other hand, almost five-sixth of the students had acceptable habits in terms of syrup and juice consumption. Interestingly, those who had suitable consumption of sweets, had almost significantly better tooth brushing habits (p=0.068). On the contrary, those who had more consumption of sugar with tea had significantly more dental visits (p=0.046), and had significantly worse brushing habits (p=0.05).
Discussion and Conclusion: Oral health, nutritional, and health related behaviors are relatively appropriate among Saveh elementary students. Also, dental visits can have a positive impact on students’ oral health related behavior. 
Keywords: : Nutrition, oral health behavior, health promoting schools, school age, diet, dental visit
Full-Text [PDF 42 kb]   (134 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/11/2 | Accepted: 2017/11/2 | Published: 2017/11/2
1. National Institutes of Health. 2000. Oral health in America: a report of the Surgeon General. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.
2. McDonald RE، Avery DR، Dean JA. Dentistry for the child and adolescent. 9th ed. St. Louis، Mo.: Mosby; 2011.
3. AAPHD resolution on fluride varnish for caries prevention 2008. Available from: www.aaphd.org
4. Oral Health Bureau. Deputy for Public Health. Ministry of Health and Medical Education. Iran.
5. Watt RG. Strategies and approaches in oral disease prevention and health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):711-8.
6. Conrado CA، Maciel SM، Oliveira MR. A school-based oral health educational program: the experience of Maringa-PR، Brazil. J Appl Oral Sci. 2004;12(1):27-33. [DOI:10.1590/S1678-77572004000100006]
7. Kwan SY، Petersen PE، Pine CM، Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):677-85.
8. Al Tamimi S، Petersen PE. Oral health situation of schoolchildren، mothers and schoolteachers in Saudi Arabia. Int Dent J. 1998;48(3):180-6. [DOI:10.1111/j.1875-595X.1998.tb00475.x]
9. Petersen PE، Peng B، Tai B، Bian Z، Fan M. Effect of a school‐based oral health education programme in Wuhan City، Peoples Republic of China. Int Dent J. 2004;54(1):33-41. [DOI:10.1111/j.1875-595X.2004.tb00250.x]
10. Lang P، Woolfolk MW، Faja BW. Oral health knowledge and attitudes of elementary schoolteachers in Michigan. J Public Health Dent. 1989;49(1):44-50. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.1989.tb02020.x]
11. Doichinova L, Bakardjiev P, Peneva M. Assessment of food habits in children aged 6–12 years and the risk of caries. Biotechnology and Biotechnological Equipmen. 2015;2.4-200:(1)9.
12. Petersen PE, Hoerup N, Poomviset N, Prommajan J, Watanapa A. Oral health status and oral health behaviour of urban and rural schoolchildren in Southern Thailand.International Dental Journal 2001; 51: 95–102. [DOI:10.1002/j.1875-595X.2001.tb00829.x]
13. Oral health surveys basic methods, 5th ed. World Health Organization, 2013
14. Islami Pour F, Heidari K, Ghayour M, MousaviZadehL. Evaluating Parents in Terms of Access and Barriers to Access to Oral Health Services in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Isfahan Dental School. 2015 : 11 (3)
15. Kwan SY, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bulletin of the World Health organization. 2005 Sep;83(9):677-85.
16. Beck AL, Fernandez A, Rojina J, Cabana M. Randomized Controlled Trial of a Clinic-Based Intervention to Promote Healthy Beverage Consumption Among Latino Children. Clinical Pediatrics. 2017 May 1:0009922817709796. [DOI:10.1177/0009922817709796]
17. Monteagudo, C, Téllez F, Heras González L, Iba-ez-Peinado D, Mariscal Arcas M, Olea Serrano F. School dietary habits and incidence of dental caries. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 32(1): 383-388 (2015). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/37231]
18. Nyandindi U، Milen A، Palin-Palokas T، Robison V. Impact of oral health education on primary school children before and after teachers' training in Tanzania. Health Promot Int. 1996;11(3):193-201. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/11.3.193]
19. Worthington HV، Hill KB، Mooney J، Hamilton FA، Blinkhorn AS. A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of a Dental Health Education Program for 10‐year‐old Children. J Public Health Dent. 2001;61(1):22-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2001.tb03351.x]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Baradaran Nakhjavani Y, Hesari H, Kouhpayeh zadeh J, Falah M, Jafari A. Oral health related nutritional behavior in elementary students. ijpd. 2016; 12 (1) :43-50
URL: http://journal.iapd.ir/article-1-133-en.html

Volume 12, Issue 1 ( Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دندانپزشکی کودکان ایران Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3742