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:: دوره 12، شماره 1 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1395 ) ::
جلد 12 شماره 1 صفحات 17-32 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
سلامت دهان و دندان دانش‌آموزان پیش‌دبستانی و ابتدایی شهرستان فسا در سال 1393
دکتر رسول محمودی ، سعیده زارعی، محمد مهدی نقی زاده، سمیه نبیئی، صفورا سپهی، زهرا بهزادی
چکیده:   (852 مشاهده)
از آنجا که هیچ گزارش مدونی در خصوص بهداشت دهان و دندان کودکان شهرستان فسا از سال 1377 به این‌سو وجود ندارد و به ‌منظور آماده ‌سازی زیر ساخت انجام مطالعات و مداخلات عمومی دندانپزشکی، این مطالعه با هدف بررسی شاخص‌های dmft و DMFT(Decayed, Missing, Filling, Teeth) در کودکان شهرستان فسا انجام شد.
روش بررسی: این مطالعه مقطعی در سال 1393 روی 4400 نفر از کودکان پیش‌دبستانی و ابتدایی شهرستان فسا که با روش نمونه‌گیری چندمرحله‌ای از مناطق شهری و روستایی انتخاب‌شده بودند، انجام گرفت. معاینات توسط کارشناسان بهداشت تحت نظر دندان‌پزشک در مدارس انجام و تعداد دندان‌های پوسیده، ازدست‌داده و ترمیم‌شده به تفکیک شیری و دائمی تعیین شد.
یافته­ها: مقدار شاخص dmft در دانش‌آموزان شهرستان فسا 43/3 ± 45/4 و شاخص DMFT برابر با 64/1 ± 26/1 بود که بین دانش‌آموزان دختر و پسر اختلاف معنادار آماری نداشت (به ترتیب 280/0 P= و 200/0 P=). تعداد دندان‌های پوسیده شیری دانش‌آموزان پسر بیشتر از دختران (015/0 P=) و دندان‌های ترمیم‌شده شیری دختران بیشتر از پسران بود (001/0 P<). هر دو شاخص در مدارس شهری کمتر از مناطق روستایی بود (001/0 P<). شاخص پوسیدگی‌های قابل‌توجه (SiCSignificant Caries) در جامعه موردبررسی 23/2 ± 18/10 بود.
نتیجه­گیری: یافته‌ها نشان‌دهنده بالا بودن مقدار شاخص dmft در کودکان زیر 14 سال به‌ویژه در مناطق روستایی بود که برای کنترل این مشکل علاوه بر انجام مداخلات پیشگیرانه و درمانی، افزایش آگاهی در سطوح مختلف جامعه نیز پیشنهاد می‌شود.
واژه‌های کلیدی: DMFT، دندان پوسیده، دندان کشیده شده، شاخص پوسیدگی‌های قابل‌توجه، روستایی، فسا.
متن کامل [PDF 237 kb]   (233 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۸/۱۱ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۸/۱۱ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۸/۱۱
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Mahmoudi R, Zareei S, Naghizadeh M, Nabiei S, Sepahi S, Behzadi S. Oral health among pre and elementary school children in Fasa at 2013. ijpd. 2016; 12 (1) :17-32
URL: http://journal.iapd.ir/article-1-140-fa.html

محمودی رسول، زارعی سعیده، نقی زاده محمد مهدی، نبیئی سمیه، سپهی صفورا، بهزادی زهرا. سلامت دهان و دندان دانش‌آموزان پیش‌دبستانی و ابتدایی شهرستان فسا در سال 1393. مجله دندانپزشکی کودکان ایران. 1395; 12 (1) :17-32

URL: http://journal.iapd.ir/article-1-140-fa.html



دوره 12، شماره 1 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1395 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مجله دندانپزشکی کودکان ایران Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry
 
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