[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 12, Issue 1 ( Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry 2016) ::
ijpd 2016, 12(1): 63-70 Back to browse issues page
The effectiveness Mindfulness training on reducing of anxiety and pain intensity resulting from dentistry procedures in children
D Taghvayi Dr, M Jahangiri Dr
Abstract:   (1216 Views)
: Dental environment is associated with unpleasant experiences and anxiety for most children. The aim of this study the effectiveness of mindfulness training on reducing anxiety and pain of dental practices in children.
Materials and Methods: The study method was experimental pretest-posttest design with a control group. A total of 30 child were selected for sampling and then were randomly assigned into two experiment and control groups . who referred to Dental Clinic Arak city. 8 sessions for 90-minute mindfulness with experiment .The Modified child Dental Anxiety Scale, Wong & Baker pain Questionnaire were used for collecting the data in pre-test and post-test stages. analysis of covariance was used for analyzing the data.
ResultsThe results showed that there was meaningful difference between pretest-posttest experimental groups in the mean score of pain, anxiety, though a meaningful difference was no observed between these pretest-posttest
groups control group 
Conclusion: The results support the effectiveness of MT in decreasing pain and anxiety. .According to the data based on the positive impact of MT, it is recommended the method to be used in dental centers
Keywords: Mindfulness, Pain, Dental Anxiety
Full-Text [PDF 26 kb]   (306 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/11/2 | Accepted: 2017/11/2 | Published: 2017/11/2
1. Seyed Ebrahim Jabarifar NAR, Shahrzad Javadi nejad,Leila Hosseini. A Comparative Evaluation of Fear and Anxiety in (3-6) Year Old Children Following Treatment under General Anesthesia and Outpatient Dental Treatment. JMDS. 2014;38(1):9-16.
2. Edmunds R, Buchanan H. Cognitive vulnerability and the aetiology and maintenance of dental anxiety. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. 2012;40(1):17-25. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2011.00636.x]
3. Gao X, Hamzah SH, Yiu CKY, McGrath C, King NM. Dental Fear and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents: Qualitative Study Using YouTube. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2013;15(2):e29. [DOI:10.2196/jmir.2290]
4. Mehrstedt M, Tönnies S, Eisentraut I. Dental fears, health status, and quality of life. Anesthesia progress. 2004;51(3):90.
5. Kesim S, Unalan D, Esen C, Ozturk A. The relationship between periodontal disease severity and state-trait anxiety level. J Pak Med Assoc. 2012;62(12):1304-8.
6. Pohjola V, Lahti S, Vehkalahti MM, Tolvanen M, Hausen H.. Association between dental fear and dental attendance among adults in Finland. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 2007;65(4):224-30. [DOI:10.1080/00016350701373558]
7. Gürsoy M, Pajukanta R, Sorsa T, Könönen E. Clinical changes in periodontium during pregnancy and post‐partum. Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 2008;35(7):576-83. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01236.x]
8. Talo Yildirim T, Dundar S, Bozoglan A, Karaman T, Dildes N, Acun Kaya F, et al. Is there a relation between dental anxiety, fear and general psychological status? PeerJ. 2017;5:e2978. [DOI:10.7717/peerj.2978]
9. Appukuttan DP. Strategies to manage patients with dental anxiety and dental phobia: literature review. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry. 2016;8:35-50. [DOI:10.2147/CCIDE.S63626]
10. De Jongh A, Fransen J, Oosterink-Wubbe F, Aartman I. Psychological trauma exposure and trauma symptoms among individuals with high and low levels of dental anxiety. European journal of oral sciences. 2006;114(4):286-92. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0722.2006.00384.x]
11. Brahm C-O, Lundgren J, Carlsson SG, Nilsson P, Corbeil J, Hägglin C. Dentists' views on fearful patients. Problems and promises. Swed Dent J. 2012;36(2):79-89.
12. Armfield JM, Spencer A, Stewart JF. Dental fear in Australia: who's afraid of the dentist? Australian dental journal. 2006;51(1):78-85. [DOI:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2006.tb00405.x]
13. Crocombe LA, Broadbent JM, Thomson WM, Brennan DS, Slade GD, Poulton R. Dental visiting trajectory patterns and their antecedents. Journal of public health dentistry. 2011;71(1):23-31. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2010.00196.x]
14. Oosterink F, De Jongh A, Aartman IH. What are people afraid of during dental treatment? Anxiety‐provoking capacity of 67 stimuli characteristic of the dental setting. European Journal of Oral Sciences. 2008;116(1):44-51. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0722.2007.00500.x]
15. Carter AE, Carter G, Boschen M, AlShwaimi E, George R. Pathways of fear and anxiety in dentistry: A review. World Journal of Clinical Cases : WJCC. 2014;2(11):642-53. [DOI:10.12998/wjcc.v2.i11.642]
16. Newton T, Asimakopoulou K, Daly B, Scambler S, Scott S. The management of dental anxiety: time for a sense of proportion? British dental journal. 2012;213(6):271-4. [DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2012.830]
17. Kaviani N, Jabarifar S, Babadi Boroujeni M. Effect of dental procedures under general anesthesia on life quality and dental fears in 2-5 year-old children. J Isfahan Dent Sch. 2012;7(5):567-76.
18. Vøllestad J, Nielsen MB, Nielsen GH. Mindfulness‐and acceptance‐based interventions for anxiety disorders: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2012;51(3):239-60. [DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8260.2011.02024.x]
19. Baer RA. Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications: Academic Press; 2015.
20. Van de Weijer-Bergsma E, Langenberg G, Brandsma R, Oort FJ, Bögels SM. The effectiveness of a school-based mindfulness training as a program to prevent stress in elementary school children. Mindfulness. 2014;5(3):238-48.
21. Ahola Kohut S, Stinson J, Davies-Chalmers C, Ruskin D, van Wyk M. Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Clinical Samples of Adolescents with Chronic Illness: A Systematic Review. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2017. [DOI:10.1089/acm.2016.0316]
22. Walsh JJ, Balint MG, SJ DRS, Fredericksen LK, Madsen S. Predicting individual differences in mindfulness: The role of trait anxiety, attachment anxiety and attentional control. Personality and Individual Differences. 2009;46(2):94-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.09.008]
23. Kabat‐Zinn J. Mindfulness‐based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clinical psychology: Science and practice. 2003;10(2):144-56. [DOI:10.1093/clipsy.bpg016]
24. Williams JMG, Kabat-Zinn J. Mindfulness: diverse perspectives on its meaning, origins, and multiple applications at the intersection of science and dharma. Contemporary Buddhism. 2011;12(01):1-18. [DOI:10.1080/14639947.2011.564811]
25. Parent J, McKee LG, Anton M, Gonzalez M, Jones DJ, Forehand R. Mindfulness in parenting and coparenting. Mindfulness. 2016;7(2):504-13. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-015-0485-5]
26. Nikfarid L, GHAMAR YR, Namazian M, Namdar F, AZAM NM. Comparison of EMLA cream versus local refrigeration for reducing venipuncture-related pain in pediatric patients of Children's Medical Center, 2008. 2010.
27. Humphris G, Wong H, Lee G. Preliminary validation and reliability of the modified child dental anxiety scale. Psychological reports. 1998;83(3 suppl):1179-86. [DOI:10.2466/pr0.1998.83.3f.1179]
28. Javadinejad S, Farajzadegan Z, Sherkat S, Shokri Mozhdehi M. Reliability and Validity of the Modified Retranslated Persian Version of Child Dental Anxiety Scale in Comparison with Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale and Venham Picture Test. journal of research in dental sciences. 2014;11(2):112-5.
29. Kozak A. Mindfulness in the management of chronic pain: conceptual and clinical considerations. Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management. 2008;12(2):115-8. [DOI:10.1053/j.trap.2008.01.007]
30. Morone NE, Lynch CS, Greco CM, Tindle HA, Weiner DK. "I felt like a new person." The effects of mindfulness meditation on older adults with chronic pain: qualitative narrative analysis of diary entries. The Journal of Pain. 2008;9(9):841-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2008.04.003]
31. Mars TS, Abbey H. Mindfulness meditation practise as a healthcare intervention: A systematic review. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. 2010;13(2) 56-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijosm.2009.07.005]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Taghvayi D, Jahangiri M. The effectiveness Mindfulness training on reducing of anxiety and pain intensity resulting from dentistry procedures in children. ijpd. 2016; 12 (1) :63-70
URL: http://journal.iapd.ir/article-1-135-en.html

Volume 12, Issue 1 ( Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دندانپزشکی کودکان ایران Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3844