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:: Volume 11, Number 2 (spring & summer 2016) ::
3 2016, 11(2): 17-26 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of fluoride uptake of three fluoride varnishes on primary teeth enamel
Dr GH Mighani , Dr P SHafagh
Abstract:   (176 Views)
Background: The amount of fluoride uptake is an important factor of varnish fluoride to choose it for use. The purpose of this study was to compare of primary teeth’s fluoride uptake among three kinds of sodium fluoride varnishes (Ariadent, Voccu and Soltan).
Materials and Methods:An experimental study was done on  three kinds of sodium fluoride varnishe (including Ariadent, Soltan and Vocco ones). Twenty-five extracted primary molar were set in each groups. Amount of fluoride uptake and efficacy among these three varnish models were evaluated. Each tooth was devided in halfs in mesiodistal direction while each half was randomly selected in case and experimental subgroups. Roots were also removed. All surfaces; except enamel, was covered by polish and then varnishefluoride was applied on enamel surface. For 24 hours followed by inserting to 10 cc deionized water. Two steps of adding KOH 0.2 mol and percloric acid (HClO4) 0.5 mol each one for 30 seconds were performed. All specimens were soluted in 10 cc deionized double washed water and shaked with shaker. Next all samples were prepared by Acid Etch Enamel Biopsy method for determining fluoride concentrations with spectrophotometer. Data  was analyzed by variance, one way variance and Games-Howell test. The level of significancy was less than 0.01.
Results:The results showed that fluoride uptake was different for studied varnishes while applicating Sultan varnish showed highest fluoride amount in teeth. Comparison between Vocco and Ariadent showed significant difference as well as Sultan and Ariadent varnish (p-value 0.014 and 0.016 consequenly), but there was no significant difference between Vocco and Soltan varnishes.
Conclusion: Fluoride uptake could help us to choose varnish beside with other characteristics like easily applying, the color remaining on teeth, packing, flavor, durability. The results and findings proved that among three evaluated sodium fluoride varnishes, the Sultan showed better efficacy and potency in aspect of tooth uptaking fluoride.
Keywords: : Fluoride uptake, Oral health, Varnishes, Tooth
Full-Text [PDF 269 kb]   (46 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/08/20 | Accepted: 2017/08/20 | Published: 2017/08/20
 
Original article
 
 

Comparison of fluoride uptake of three fluoride varnishes on primary teeth enamel
Ahmad Jafari 1,2, Parviz Shafagh 3, Ghasem Mighani 4*
  1. Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Alborz University of Medical Sciences.
  2. Research Center for Caries prevention, Dept. of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
  3. Postgraduate student, Dept. of Endondontics, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.
  4. Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
Corresponding Author: mighanig@sina.tums.ac.ir
     
Abstract
Background: The amount of fluoride uptake is an important factor of varnish fluoride to choose it for use. The purpose of this study was to compare of primary teeth’s fluoride uptake among three kinds of sodium fluoride varnishes (Ariadent, Voccu and Soltan).
Materials and Methods:An experimental study was done on  three kinds of sodium fluoride varnishe (including Ariadent, Soltan and Vocco ones). Twenty-five extracted primary molar were set in each groups. Amount of fluoride uptake and efficacy among these three varnish models were evaluated. Each tooth was devided in halfs in mesiodistal direction while each half was randomly selected in case and experimental subgroups. Roots were also removed. All surfaces; except enamel, was covered by polish and then varnishefluoride was applied on enamel surface. For 24 hours followed by inserting to 10 cc deionized water. Two steps of adding KOH 0.2 mol and percloric acid (HClO4) 0.5 mol each one for 30 seconds were performed. All specimens were soluted in 10 cc deionized double washed water and shaked with shaker. Next all samples were prepared by Acid Etch Enamel Biopsy method for determining fluoride concentrations with spectrophotometer. Data  was analyzed by variance, one way variance and Games-Howell test. The level of significancy was less than 0.01.
Results:The results showed that fluoride uptake was different for studied varnishes while applicating Sultan varnish showed highest fluoride amount in teeth. Comparison between Vocco and Ariadent showed significant difference as well as Sultan and Ariadent varnish (p-value 0.014 and 0.016 consequenly), but there was no significant difference between Vocco and Soltan varnishes.
Conclusion: Fluoride uptake could help us to choose varnish beside with other characteristics like easily applying, the color remaining on teeth, packing, flavor, durability. The results and findings proved that among three evaluated sodium fluoride varnishes, the Sultan showed better efficacy and potency in aspect of tooth uptaking fluoride.
Key words: Fluoride uptake, Oral health,Varnishes, Tooth
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Mighani G, SHafagh P. Comparison of fluoride uptake of three fluoride varnishes on primary teeth enamel. 3. 2016; 11 (2) :17-26
URL: http://journal.iapd.ir/article-1-115-en.html
Volume 11, Number 2 (spring & summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دندانپزشکی کودکان ایران Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry
 
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