:: Volume 13, Issue 1 (Fall & Winter 2017) ::
ijpd 2017, 13(1): 57-72 Back to browse issues page
Knowledge and practice related to oral health in pregnant women referring to health centers
S Mohebi Dr , K Sargeran Dr, K Razeghi Dr, Sh Khorasanizadeh Dr, H Bahramian Dr
Abstract:   (667 Views)
Background and purpose: Pregnant women have increased risk for oral and dental diseases due to their ‎physiological and behavioral changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness and ‎performance of pregnant women referred to non-affluent health centers in Tehran about oral and ‎dental health.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on pregnant women attended to ‎‎10 health centers in Tehran. A questionnaire was distributed among the participants in which ‎questions were categorized into three categories of demographic information, mothers' ‎performance and their knowledge. Finally, the data were analyzed by IBM SPSS software (version 24) using descriptive, correlation and regression tests.
Results: Totally, 166 pregnant women participated in the study. The average ‎score of people was 3.32 out of nine. The results of regression analysis showed ‎that there was a relatively significant relationship between the general knowledge of pregnant ‎women about oral health and the level of education (P = 0.065) but there was no correlation ‎between general oral health knowledge and ethnicity, husband education, income and resident ‎status (p>0.1). While oral health knowledge of pregnant women during pregnancy with education ‎‎(p=0.07), resident status (p=0.042) and the number of mother roommates (p=0.069) had relatively significant correlation. General Oral health behavior had significant statistical correlation with ‎education (p=0.03), but there was no correlation with other variables (p>0.1). Oral health behavior ‎during pregnancy was not significantly correlated with any of the variables (P> 0.1).
Conclusion: The ‎results of this study showed that the study population had no acceptable knowledge about oral and ‎dental health care and it is necessary to train pregnant women on practical skills of oral health care ‎and they will be aware of the importance of maintaining oral health during this period and the ‎potential adverse effects of periodontal diseases.‎
Keywords: Oral Health, pregnant women, knowledge, practice.
Full-Text [PDF 540 kb]   (185 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/05/12 | Accepted: 2018/05/12 | Published: 2018/05/12

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Volume 13, Issue 1 (Fall & Winter 2017) Back to browse issues page