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:: Volume 15, Issue 1 ( AUTUMN-WINTER 2019) ::
ijpd 2019, 15(1): 1-8 Back to browse issues page
Mother’s Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Oral Health
A Jafari Dr, P Gaeeni Dr, M Falahi Dr, B Pirouz hashemi Dr, M Zangouyi Dr, J Kouhpayehzadeh Dr
Department of Community Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (404 Views)
Background: Children learn oral hygiene from their parents. We conducted a study on parent’s knowledge, attitude and practice on oral health in Saveh City, in primary schools.
 
Materials and methods: In this study, a standard questionnaire was used to evaluate mother’s knowledge, attitude and practice of on oral health. Mothers of 735 students in 16 primary schools (randomly selected) in Saveh were participated. Mother's knowledge, attitude and practice level were measured by 11, 9 and 5 questions with 36, 36 and 20 scores respectively. Chi-Square tests and ANOVA were used to analysis data.
 
Results: The results showed that mothers had a mean scores of 19.29 (± 0.214), 23.52(±0.142) and 10.69 (69 0.119), in knowledge, attitude and practice respectively. There was a significant and direct relationship between knowledge and attitude, and also between knowledge and behavior levels (P<0.001). About 80% of the mothers brushed once or twice a day, and 90% of mothers used fluoride toothpaste. Daily use of dental floss was very low. About two-thirds of mothers only went to dental offices if they had problems. There was a significant and direct relationship between mother's education with their knowledge, attitude and performance (P<0.001). There was no relationship between mother's age and gender of students with their knowledge, attitude and performance levels.
 
Conclusion: It is necessary to improve information of mothers, especially who are less educated to get better oral health behavior by information brochures, holding training classes and free dental examination services.
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Oral Health, Student
Full-Text [PDF 1324 kb]   (121 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/09/25 | Accepted: 2019/09/25 | Published: 2019/09/25
References
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2. Pakpour Haji-Agha, A., Heidarnia, A., & Hajizadeh, E. The Status of Oral Health and Related Factors in High School Students in Qazvin in 2010. Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 2010; 3 (60): 55-60.
3. Watt RG. Strategies and approaches in oral disease prevention and health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):711-8.
4. Kwan SY, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):677-85.
5. Bayat-Movahed S, Samadzadeh H, Ziyarati L, Memary N, Khosravi R, Sadr-Eshkevari PS. Oral health of Iranian children in 2004: a national pathfinder survey of dental caries and treatment needs. East Mediterr Health J. 2011;17(3):243-9. [DOI:10.26719/2011.17.3.243] [PMID]
6. Selecky MC, Hayes M, Mares A, Grinnell S, Nandi P, Alves-Dunkerson J, et al. School- based Sealant and Fluoride Varnish Program Guidelines. 3 ed. Washington State: Washington State Department of Health 2012.
7. Conrado CA, Maciel SM, Oliveira MR. A school-based oral health educational program: the experience of Maringa-PR, Brazil. J Appl Oral Sci. 2004;12(1):27-33. [DOI:10.1590/S1678-77572004000100006] [PMID]
8. Khosravi, M., PourMahdi, M., & Nouri Bayat, S. Prevention and Oral Health from Islamic Perspective. Babol University of Medical Sciences. Islam and Health Journal. 2014; 1 : 38-47.
9. Soltani R, Sharidi-Rad G, Hasan-Zadeh A, Golshiri P, and Barati , M. Investigating the Awareness and Attitude of Mothers towards Preschool Children in Isfahan . Journal of Health System Research. 2013 ; 7(9): 712-719
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11. Naderifard M, Gholjaei F, Akbarizadeh MR. Mothers' Performance in terms of Oral Health of Children between 1-6 Years Old. Journal of Medical Science Research of Zahedan. 2011: 12 (4)
12. Goodarzi A, Tavafiyan S S, Heidarnia A, Zia Al-Dini H. Health Education and Oral Health among Elementary School Students in district 14 of Tehran. Journal of Military Care.2015: 2 (4) [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.mcs.2.4.229]
13. Arora , A., Bedros , D., Bhole , S., and Moody , G. (2012). A qualitative evaluation of the views of Child and Family Health Nurses on the early childhood oral health education materials in New South Wales, Australia. Health promotion journal of Australia: official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals, 23(2): 112-116 [DOI:10.1071/HE12112] [PMID]
14. Islami Pour F, Heidari K, Ghayour M, Mousavi Zadeh L . Evaluating Parents in Terms of Access and Barriers to Access to Oral Health Services in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Isfahan Dental School. 2015: 11 (3)
15. Kawamura M, Iwamoto Y. Present state of dental health Knowledge, attitudes, behaviour and perceived oral health of Japanese employees. Int Dent J 1999; 49(3): 173-81.8. [DOI:10.1002/j.1875-595X.1999.tb00903.x] [PMID]
16. Hajimiri K, Sharifirad G, Hasanzade A. The Effect of Oral Health Education Based on Health Belief Model in Mothers Who Had 3-6 Year Old Children on Decreasing Dental Plaque Index in Zanjan. ZUMS Journal. 2010; 18(72): 77-86.
17. Pakpour Haji-Agha, A., Heidarnia, A., & Hajizadeh, E. The Status of Oral Health and Related Factors in High School Students in Qazvin in 2010. Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 2010; 3 (60): 55-60.
18. Watt RG. Strategies and approaches in oral disease prevention and health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):711-8.
19. Kwan SY, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):677-85.
20. Bayat-Movahed S, Samadzadeh H, Ziyarati L, Memary N, Khosravi R, Sadr-Eshkevari PS. Oral health of Iranian children in 2004: a national pathfinder survey of dental caries and treatment needs. East Mediterr Health J. 2011;17(3):243-9. [DOI:10.26719/2011.17.3.243] [PMID]
21. Selecky MC, Hayes M, Mares A, Grinnell S, Nandi P, Alves-Dunkerson J, et al. School- based Sealant and Fluoride Varnish Program Guidelines. 3 ed. Washington State: Washington State Department of Health 2012.
22. Conrado CA, Maciel SM, Oliveira MR. A school-based oral health educational program: the experience of Maringa-PR, Brazil. J Appl Oral Sci. 2004;12(1):27-33. [DOI:10.1590/S1678-77572004000100006] [PMID]
23. Khosravi, M., PourMahdi, M., & Nouri Bayat, S. Prevention and Oral Health from Islamic Perspective. Babol University of Medical Sciences. Islam and Health Journal. 2014; 1 : 38-47.
24. Soltani R, Sharidi-Rad G, Hasan-Zadeh A, Golshiri P, and Barati , M. Investigating the Awareness and Attitude of Mothers towards Preschool Children in Isfahan . Journal of Health System Research. 2013 ; 7(9): 712-719
25. Nazari Z, Taherpour M. Mothers' Awareness of Oral Health of Children between 1-6 Years Old. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. Special Student Research Committee. 2013: 979-986 [DOI:10.29252/jnkums.5.5.S5.979]
26. Naderifard M, Gholjaei F, Akbarizadeh MR. Mothers' Performance in terms of Oral Health of Children between 1-6 Years Old. Journal of Medical Science Research of Zahedan. 2011: 12 (4)
27. Goodarzi A, Tavafiyan S S, Heidarnia A, Zia Al-Dini H. Health Education and Oral Health among Elementary School Students in district 14 of Tehran. Journal of Military Care.2015: 2 (4) [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.mcs.2.4.229]
28. Arora , A., Bedros , D., Bhole , S., and Moody , G. (2012). A qualitative evaluation of the views of Child and Family Health Nurses on the early childhood oral health education materials in New South Wales, Australia. Health promotion journal of Australia: official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals, 23(2): 112-116 [DOI:10.1071/HE12112] [PMID]
29. Islami Pour F, Heidari K, Ghayour M, Mousavi Zadeh L . Evaluating Parents in Terms of Access and Barriers to Access to Oral Health Services in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Isfahan Dental School. 2015: 11 (3)
30. Kawamura M, Iwamoto Y. Present state of dental health Knowledge, attitudes, behaviour and perceived oral health of Japanese employees. Int Dent J 1999; 49(3): 173-81.8. [DOI:10.1002/j.1875-595X.1999.tb00903.x] [PMID]
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Jafari A, Gaeeni P, Falahi M, Pirouz hashemi B, Zangouyi M, Kouhpayehzadeh J. Mother’s Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Oral Health. ijpd. 2019; 15 (1) :1-8
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Volume 15, Issue 1 ( AUTUMN-WINTER 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دندانپزشکی کودکان ایران Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry
 
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