Volume 9, Issue 1 (4-2013)                   ijpd 2013, 9(1): 51-58 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Fallahnejad M, Malekafzali B, Inanloo M. Comparison of Simplified Oral Health Index (OHI-S) between Rural and Urban Middle School Students of Shahriar City. ijpd. 2013; 9 (1) :51-58
URL: http://journal.iapd.ir/article-1-31-en.html
Abstract:   (10413 Views)
Background and Aim: Epidemiologic studies play an important role in planning strategies to improve public oral health. The aim of current study was to determine Simplified Oral Health Index (OHI-S) in middle school students of urban and rural areas of Shahriar city during year 1386. Materials & Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, 400 middle school students of urban and rural areas of Shahriar city with age range of 12-14 years old were randomly selected after license acquisition from related committees. M/F and urban/rural ratios were 1 among selected students. Dental examination was performed on each student using mirror and dental explorer under light of reading lamp. Indices of debris, caries and OHI-S were recorded in each sextant of oral cavity based on WHO criteria. Demographic data and recorded indices were statistically analyzed using Mann-Whitney and Dunett paired comparison tests. Results: Measured OHI-S was 1.96 ± 0.57 in urban areas which was significantly lower than its rural counterpart 2.33 ± 0.56 (P<0.0001). Most of students (52.5%) have brushed their teeth once a day. 71.3% of students have not used tooth floss and 28.8% have used it regularly or irregularly. 52.3% of subjects have not met a dentist and 33.8% have had an emergency dental appointment. Regular dental appointments were encountered in only 14% of students. Distribution of oral hygiene level was 22 students (5.5%) with good hygiene and 359 (89.8%) and 19 (4.8%) students with moderate and poor oral hygiene, respectively. There was no significant correlation between sex, type of school and age with oral health status. Conclusion: According to results of current study, oral health status of involved students is moderate. Despite this, some deficiencies were encountered in preventive strategies applied to students. So, further efforts to increase public knowledge about oral health and preventive measures is recommended.
Full-Text [PDF 114 kb]   (3680 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Research Article | Subject: General
Received: 2014/10/29 | Accepted: 2014/10/29 | Published: 2014/10/29

1. O'mullane D. Can prevention eliminate caries? Adv Dent Res. 1995;9(2):106-9. [DOI:10.1177/08959374950090020201]
2. Petersen PE: Oral health behaviour of 6 – year – Old Danish children. Acta Odontol Scand. 1992; 50(1):57-64. [DOI:10.3109/00016359209012747]
3. Murray JJ. Prevention of oral disease. 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford; 1996; Chap18:250.
4. Newbroun E. Preventing dental caries: Current and prospective strategies. J Am Dent Assoc. 1992; 123(4):68-73. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.1992.0132]
5. Ralph E, McDonald D. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent. 7th Ed. St Louis: Masby; 2000.
6. Yee R, David J, Khadka R. Oral cleanliness of 12-13–years–old and 15–year–old school children of Sunsari District, Nepal. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2006; 24(3):146-51. [DOI:10.4103/0970-4388.27896]
7. Janković B, Ciglar I, Knezević A, Jurić H, Buković D, Stanicić T. Caries and oral hygiene in children in postwar Novi Travnik (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Zabok (Croatia). Coll Antropol. 2004; 28(1):439-45.
8. Safavi SM, Astaraki A. Oral health and dental caries in guidance school students of Doroud City during 1999-2000. Journal of Shahid Beheshti Dental School. 2001; 19(2):116-124 [Persian].
9. Nemati S, Seirafi M, Keshavarzi N. Gingival health and oral hygien of 6, 12 and 15-years old students of Shiraz schools. Journal of Mashhad Dental School. 1998; 21(1, 2):23-26. [In Persian]
10. Eskandarian T, Nikorazm A, Dolatkhah R. Dental caries index (DMFT) and oral hygiene simplified (OHI-S) of mentally retarded students aged 10 and 12 years old in the Shiraz Schools for retarded students on 2000. Journal of Shiraz Dental School. 2002;3(3&4):1-9 [In Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Pediatric Dentistry

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb